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Research and teaching facilities :

Electro and Neurophysiology: extracellular and intracellular recording from both acute and chronically implanted animals; stereotaxic and digital micropositioning, intracellular micro-injection; membrane voltage and patch clamping techniques for both whole cell and single ion channel work; analog and digital multichannel data recording, computerized spike train data analysis with PowerPC and MacLab.

Clinical Neurophysiology: 16 channels Electroencephalography, 21 channels computerized digital EEG, Evoked Potentials, Fast-Fourier Transform (FFT)Spectral analysis, Topographic Functional Brain Mapping (TBM), 8 channels Sleep IT, 32 Channels Computerized Polysomnography and Automated Sleep Staging and Apnea Analysis. Neurological test and Assessment Battery.

Microscopy: research compound photo-microscopes for bright-field, dark-field, fluorescent illumination, and interference contrast (Normarski ’s technique), confocal laser scanning microscope (LSM), quantitative image analysis, camera lucida, and 3 D reconstruction stereology, computerized chromosome analysis, Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (FISH), Comparative Genomic Hybridization (CGH), paraffin- and freezing- microtomes and cryostats, vibratomes, and tissue slicer, glass knife makers and ultra-microtomes, and tissue processors. Horse radish Peroxidae (HRP) techniques for tracing neuronal pathways, flourescent tracing, and immunocytochemical staining techniques, calcium image analysis.

Neurochemistry, Neuropharmacology and Analytical Chemistry: refrigerated super-speed, micro- and ultra- centrifuges, tissue grinder, sonicators, column chromatography, fraction collectors, deep freezers and cold quantitative chambers, computerized scanning spectrophotmeters, microplate reader, protein and peptide fractionation and purification techniques, electrochemical detectors, HPLC, analysis of neurotransmitters and their metabolites, in vivo microdialysis technique, radio-ligand receptor binding assay, receptor autoradiography, liquid scintillation beta and gamma counters.


Molecular Biology: polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques, RT-PCR Technique, thermocyclers and geneApms, Northern and southern Blotting, gene cloning, sequencing, in situ hybridization,

Tissue cultures: neuronal cell cultures, lamina flow workstation, inverted culture photo- microscope, CO2-incubators, micro plate readers, automated cell counter.

Behavioural neurophysiology and endocrinology: computerized behavioural operant training and conditioning, mazes, open-fields, automated rotation counters, video motion analysis and computerized video tracking, metabolic and special cages for behavioural and hormonal studies.

Laboratory animal facilities: various sizes experimental cages for rat, cat, monkey, sheep and other farm animals, and aquariums for aquatic animals. Fully equipped animal surgical operating room with operating microscopes, anaesthetic apparatus and respirators, x-rays machine, intracerebro-ventricular catheters for injection and collection of CSF, chronic chambers for implantation, and stereotaxic micropositioner, and electrolytic lesion generators.